In order to understand physics of objective reality which we all share and occupy, one needs to understand what it is made of at the basic level, before embarking on the next steps explaining time, matter, energy and space. It will be much more difficult if one does not start at the beginning.
Reality is the ever-changing three-state object.
To define reality as we all share it, at minimum we need an object which can freely change its state between three options available to it and no end to the changes between the three states. With the above two assumptions, the object produces what we all are and share.
To define reality in scientific terms you need to assume:
0. Logic, to assume in the first place. One will need a circle to define zero, therefore logic of reality is recurrent because one needs infinityto define logic. Pi is half-infinity as it has no end, but one needs infinity to define half of it.
1. Three distinct states, let us call these Yes, No and Maybe for the sake of communication.
2. Infinite force of free change between these 3 states, ‘free’ meaning all states can change to any of the other state. Yes can change to No or Maybe, No can change to Yes or Maybe, Maybe can change to Yes or No. ‘Infinite’ meaning without end nor beginning.
The two assumptions together create reality.
Continuous space is the effect of infinite change.
Reality object holds no prejudices about its materiality. It only has three states but its change does not end.
According to mathematics of Albert Einstein, on whose never disproven giant shoulders this definition of reality is built, we all share continuous three dimensional space and the illusion of time as change of this 3d space. His theory explains time direction as direction of change from the source to observer. Definition of reality as three state object which can change ad infinitum is what binds his and quantum theory of his friend Niels Bohr together.
According to the definition applied to general relativity by Einstein, time is the illusion caused by relation of the order of informationreceived about distant change from infinite directions in a point of view.
Space is continuous but change is distinct. Change is atomic but space can divide indefinitely. Time is both atomic and continuous as it is the affect of atomic change in continuous space.
Time is the effect of change and does not exist on its own. Time is a relation between objects, not an object. Time is different for every point of continuous space. There is no time travel possible, but one can affect the rate of change locally.
Three states is quantifiable, but infinity of change is what makes reality rich.
Vacuum is lack of change in space.
This theory predicts that we are in the base reality which is expanding.
This theory predicts there is no Planck length, just this three state object which is forced by will to change. The result of division by zero does not exist in reality, because it cannot be defined by three state logic. Reality object cannot perform division by zero but it can indefinitely divide by two.